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Running the UEL subroutine and input files blew in ABAQUS.

Mon, 2017-10-02 14:35

In reply to [Abaqus] UEL user subroutine


I'm working on the article " A finite element implementation of a coupled diffusion-deformation theory for elastomeric gels". It is a very nice tutorial for implementing fluid diffusion and large deformations of elastomeric gels as a user-defined element (UEL) subroutine in the commercial finite element software package ABAQUS. The subroutine and input files of the solved examples in the paper are published online. The problem is, when I want to run the input files, I got the error "Analysis is being terminated from a user subroutine".

The subroutine and input files are available here:

Would you possibly help me?


Thermodynamics in thirtysome slides

Tue, 2017-09-26 23:42

In reply to Thermodynamics in thirty-some slides

I added a few more slides to describe Gibbs's ideas on phases.  Now the slide on the Gibbs-Maxwell surface moves to a new page number.

invited speaker talk is announced --- JF Molinari from EPFL

Thu, 2017-09-21 06:10

In reply to 10th European Solid Mechanics Conference – ESMC 2018

The invited talk of the Mini Symposium "Fatigue and Tribology" will be

J . F. Molinari from EPFL 

"Numerical prediction of evolution of surface roughness during dry sliding".

Re: Comments on the Unusual Thermo Course

Tue, 2017-09-19 16:56

In reply to Thermodynamics in twenty-some slides for advanced elasticity

I just came back from the lecture.  In 90 minutes, I only went through the first 15 slides.  Slide 15 is a highlight:  the Gibbs-Maxwell surface.  

This class is a graduate class on  Advanced Elasticity, as I noted before.  A few places in the class later use thermodynamics in nontrivial ways.  Yet thermodynamics is not listed as prerequisite.  These slides are a compromise.  A reminder for some students, but a quick introduction for others.  I have no illusion that students will master the subject using these slides.  

But a student in class pointed out an error on slide 3.  I'll post the updated one on next Thursday, after I go through the rest of the slides in class.

These twenty-some slides were extracted from slides I prepared for an undergraduate course on engineering thermodynamics  

John W. Hutchinson isn't an appropriate speaker

Mon, 2017-09-18 20:05

In reply to NEW.Mech 2017 at MIT on October 14

John W. Hutchinson is known for his plagiarism practice. He owe MIT an apology. I guess his legs won't stop shaking from the first step he set foot on MIT campus.

Comments on the Unusual Thermo Course

Mon, 2017-09-18 12:51

In reply to Thermodynamics in twenty-some slides for advanced elasticity

Dear Zhigang,

What a nice opportunity to get back talking to you!


I deliciously, devotedly, and deliberately went through [actually devoured] the first three slides of your rather unusual slides on thermo.


I want to go deeper into their implications, but, for the paucity of time, I can't.

But here is a timely friendly comment: In constructing your very first slide, you have begun getting into some certain abstractions, which, to my naive mind, are (and are wont to prove to be) valid.

Congrats, and not only keep up the good work at enlightening the small, subtle, simple, so very young and at times frail humanity---perhaps, may be, so very promising (at least to their own parents)---but also keep on reminding us of the ever-widening possibilities, of the things possible (without a special separate effort on your part, I mean).

In short: Good work, and keep it up, though, the pace might not be too mild. In case it proves to be too strong/rapid for your class (and which class does not complain?) adjust it dynamically... Though I won't hold you responsible for that. As a tenured professor (esp. in USA, esp. in Harvard), you can always gauge and calibrate your students dynamically. Their grades are in your hands. I am more than certain, they will be given the relative justice. That's not the point...

The point is: Sometimes us the S&T folks can get lost in the syntax of the pedagody, of the received opinion concerning what is supposed to be "oh so effective" pedagogy so much, get lost under the weight of the tradition of having to teach a course a certain way so much, that despite intentions to the contrary, we might get lost in the other direction.

My congrats were generally in the direction of encouraging you what I perceived to be the right direction.

But then, again, the judgment was based precisely on only the first 3 slides. ... I must now wonder: How would you treat a student who kept himself awake for the first 3/27X60 minutes of an hour-long lecture?

Anyway, very best wishes to you and your students, of course.




Dear Rui

Fri, 2017-09-15 09:04

In reply to Journal Club for September 2017: Some recent developments in constitutive modeling of glassy polymers

Dear Rui,

Many thanks for your contribution to this journal club issue and I look forward to your future contributions as delineated in your post. The use of modified internal variables have been a very powerful appropach to developing constitutive models for polymers. Thanks for bringing to attention your work and classical work of Tool and others. The furhter challenge perhaps lies in modeling physical phenomena for which a transition of length scales (call it effective field theory applied to thermo-mechanics of nano-heterogeneous metastable media) masks the observed macro-scale phenomena which can be naturally explained by a stochastic description. My hope is that this very limited journal club post attracts the attention to such situations.



We will not officially record the talks

Thu, 2017-09-14 11:11

In reply to NEW.Mech 2017 at MIT on October 14

Hi Bafty,

Thanks for your interests! We will not officially record the videos, so please join the event if you are interested. 



Dear Xuanhe Zhao,

Thu, 2017-09-14 10:15

In reply to NEW.Mech 2017 at MIT on October 14

Dear Xuanhe Zhao,

thank you for the announcement, the talks seems great. It would be great to have a recordnig of them. Don't you plan it?




Open to whole mechanics community in US and worldwide.

Wed, 2017-09-13 10:39

In reply to NEW.Mech 2017 at MIT on October 14

A few updates on NEW.Mech 2017

1. The workshop is organized at New England Area, but open to the whole mechanics community in US and worldwide. Welcome all!

2. Registration for the workshop is free, but please do register to secure your seat.  Seats are limitted and we will announce registration deadline shortly. Register!

3. The titles of keynote talks have been announced on NEW.Mech 2017 website. Truly impressive and diverse talks and more in one day, Oct 14 2017!

Huajian Gao – Professor of Engineering, Brown University
Talk Title: Mechanics of cell interaction with low-dimensional nanomaterials

John W. Hutchinson – Professor of Engineering, Harvard University
Talk Title: Shell buckling—the old and the new

Subra Suresh – President-Designate, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore & Vannevar Bush Professor of Engineering Emeritus, MIT
Talk Title: Cell mechanics and human diseases

Franz-Josef Ulm – Professor of Civil & Environmental Engineering, MIT
Talk Title: Urban physics: Is Boston a liquid or a solid? A quantitative mechanics approach to cities' sustainability and resilience

element or contact activation/deactivation

Tue, 2017-09-12 10:46



I am not sure about your question but, yf you want to activate/deactivate elements/contacts you should have a look at the "*model change" in the abaqus documentation.

Best regards,


Great thanks!

Fri, 2017-09-08 15:52

In reply to UMAT for viscoelasticity

Great thanks!

Any documents/papers on CZM

Fri, 2017-09-08 05:47

In reply to cohesive zone modeling of interface fracture

Any documents/papers on CZM formulation for one dimensional problems? 

I did search a lot on this

Thu, 2017-09-07 13:46

In reply to odb

I did search a lot on this topic. But didn't find anything related. That's when I asked if anyone used any different approach to this problem or not.


Thank for the suggestion anyways.

Experimental testing video

Thu, 2017-09-07 12:17

In reply to Understanding the strength of bioinspired soft composites

Experimental testing video can be found here


Thu, 2017-09-07 09:37

In reply to Abaqus Python : reading odb file for field frame data

Subscribe to and seek assistance from the
ABAQUS mailing list
or from the ResearchGate discussion forum.

Search the archive of the list before posting in it.

Good luck


UMAT for viscoelasticity

Wed, 2017-09-06 10:03


My thesis is now on

implementation of a UMAT for a Kelvin-Voigt model:

Read also

Good luck


Dear Alireza,

Wed, 2017-09-06 07:39

In reply to Journal Club for September 2017: Some recent developments in constitutive modeling of glassy polymers

Dear Alireza,

Thanks for this nice review on the modeling glassy polymers. Indeed, the behaviors of glassy polymers show complex dependence on temperature, rate, thermal history as well as mechanical deformation, which raises a great challenge for developing constitutive models to describe them.

In addition to the above-mentioned approaches, another approach based on effective temperature has also been developed to describe the nonequilibrium behaviors of amorphous solids. The concept effective temperature originates from Tool’s fictive temperature [1]. By introducing the configurational entropy as a thermodynamic conjugate variable to the effective temperature, a fully consistent nonequilibrium thermodynamic framework has been built [2,3]. Based on the works of the physical community, we have developed a finite deformation continuum mechanics version of the effective temperature theory [4-6]. More importantly, we show that the effective temperature theory can quantitatively capture the dependence of stress response on temperature, strain rate, physical aging, and mechanical pre-deformation [4]. The effective temperature theory can also describe the experimentally measured DSC results, including an increase of enthalpy overshoot with aging, a decrease of enthalpy overshoot with mechanical deformation and the appearance of an undershoot of deformed glassy polymers [6].

Currently, we are also using the effective temperature to describe the mechanical instability of polymers, such as necking and shear banding. Hope we can obtain some preliminary results in the very near future.



[1] A.Q. Tool, 1946. “Viscosity and extraordinary heat effects in glass”. J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 29, 240.

[2] T.M. Nieuwenhuizen, 1998. “Thermodynamics of the glassy state: effective temperatures an additional system parameter”. Phys. Rev. Lett.80, 5580.

[3] E. Bouchbinder, J.S. Langer, 2009. “Nonequilibrium  thermodynamics of driven amorphous materials .II. effective-temperature theory”. Phys. Rev. E. 80, 031132.

[4] R. Xiao, T. D. Nguyen, 2015. “An effective temperature theory for the nonequilibrium behavior of amorphous polymers”, J. Mech. Phys. Solids, 82, 62.

[5] R. Xiao, T. D. Nguyen, 2016. “A thermodynamic modeling approach for dynamic softening in glassy amorphous polymers”, Extreme Mech. Lett., 8, 70.

[6] R. Xiao, G. Ghazaryan, T. A. Tervoort, T. D. Nguyen, 2017.  “Modeling the energy storage and structural evolution during finite viscoplastic deformation of glassy polymers ”, Phys. Rev. E., 95, 063001.


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