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# Arash_Yavari's blog

## Nonlinear Elasticity in a Deforming Ambient Space

Fri, 2016-05-27 13:02 - Arash_YavariIn this paper we formulate a nonlinear elasticity theory in which the ambient space is evolving. For a continuum moving in an evolving ambient space, we model time dependency of the metric by a time-dependent embedding of the ambient space in a larger manifold with a fixed background metric. We derive both the tangential and the normal governing equations. We then reduce the standard energy balance written in the larger ambient space to that in the evolving ambient space.

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## The Role of Mechanics in the Study of Lipid Bilayers

Tue, 2016-04-26 19:29 - Arash_YavariThe following summer school on the role of mechanics in the study of lipid bilayers may be of interest to some of you.

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## Finite Eigenstrains in Nonlinear Elastic Wedges

Sat, 2016-04-16 14:26 - Arash_YavariEigenstrains are created as a result of anelastic effects such as defects, temperature changes, bulk growth, etc., and strongly affect the overall response of solids. In this paper, we study the residual stress and deformation fields of an incompressible, isotropic, infinite wedge due to a circumferentially-symmetric distribution of finite eigenstrains. In particular, we establish explicit exact solutions for the residual stresses and deformation of a neo-Hookean wedge containing a symmetric inclusion with finite radial and circumferential eigenstrains.

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## A Geometric Theory of Nonlinear Morphoelastic Shells

Thu, 2016-03-17 11:15 - Arash_YavariWe formulate a geometric theory of nonlinear morphoelastic shells that can model the time evolution of residual stresses induced by bulk growth. We consider a thin body and idealize it by a representative orientable surface. In this geometric theory, bulk growth is modeled using an evolving referential configuration for the shell (material manifold). We consider the evolution of both the first and second fundamental forms in the material manifold by considering them as dynamical variables in the variational problem.

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## The Twist-Fit Problem: Finite Torsional and Shear Eigenstrains in Nonlinear Elastic Solids

Fri, 2015-10-02 10:47 - Arash_YavariEigenstrains in nonlinear elastic solids are created through defects, growth, or other anelastic effects. These eigenstrains are known to be important as they can generate residual stresses and alter the overall response of the solid. Here, we study the residual stress fields generated by finite torsional or shear eigenstrains. This problem is addressed by considering a cylindrical bar made of an incompressible isotropic solid with an axisymmetric distribution of shear eigenstrains.

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## The Weak Compatibility Equations of Nonlinear Elasticity and the Insufficiency of the Hadamard Jump Condition for Non-Simply Connected Bodies

Mon, 2015-09-28 00:23 - Arash_YavariWe derive the compatibility equations of L2 displacement gradients on non-simply-connected bodies. These compatibility equations are useful for non-smooth strains such as those associated with deformations of multi-phase materials. As an application of these compatibility equations, we study some configurations of different phases around a hole and show that, in general, the classical Hadamard jump condition is not a sufficient compatibility condition.

## On the origins of the idea of the multiplicative decomposition of the deformation gradient

Tue, 2015-09-22 17:55 - Arash_YavariUsually the multiplicative decomposition of deformation gradient in finite plasticity is (incorrectly) attributed to Lee and Liu (1967). This short note discusses the origins of this idea, which go back to the late 1940s. We explain that the first explicit mention of this decomposition appeared a decade earlier in the work of Bilby, et al. (1957) and Kröner (1959). While writing this note I found out that Bruce Bilby passed away a couple of years ago at the age of 91.

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## On the Compatibility Equations of Nonlinear and Linear Elasticity in the Presence of Boundary Conditions

Mon, 2015-08-10 00:48 - Arash_YavariWe use Hodge-type orthogonal decompositions for studying the compatibility equations of the displacement gradient and the linear strain with prescribed boundary displacements. We show that the displacement gradient is compatible if and only if for any equilibrated virtual first-Piola Kirchhoff stress tensor field, the virtual work done by the displacement gradient is equal to the virtual work done by the prescribed boundary displacements. This condition is very similar to the classical compatibility equations for the linear strain.

## A new paper on Hencky-logarithmic strain by Prof. Neff

Sat, 2015-05-16 17:46 - Arash_YavariDear Colleagues:

I thought the following recent paper by Prof. Neff may be of interest to some of you.

http://arxiv.org/abs/1505.02203

This paper discusses the natural appearance of the Hencky-logarithmic strain tensor together with the Hencky strain energy, which can be motivated from some purely geometrical (kinematical) arguments based on the geodesic distance on the general linear group of all invertible tensors GL(n).

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## On the stress singularities generated by anisotropic eigenstrains and the hydrostatic stress due to annular inhomogeneities

Sun, 2014-12-07 17:14 - Arash_YavariThe problems of singularity formation and hydrostatic stress created by an inhomogeneity with eigenstrain in an incompressible isotropic hyperelastic material are considered. For both a spherical ball and a cylindrical bar with a radially-symmetric distribution of finite possibly anisotropic eigenstrains, we show that the anisotropy of these eigenstrains at the center (the center of the sphere or the axis of the cylinder) controls the stress singularity.

## Geometric nonlinear thermoelasticity and the time evolution of thermal stresses

Fri, 2014-12-05 16:57 - Arash_YavariIn this paper we formulate a geometric theory of nonlinear thermoelasticity that can be used to calculate the time evolution of the temperature and thermal stress fields in a nonlinear elastic body. In particular, this formulation can be used to calculate residual thermal stresses. In this theory the material manifold (natural stress-free configuration of the body) is a Riemannian manifold with a temperature-dependent metric. Evolution of the geometry of the material manifold is governed by a generalized heat equation.

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## Differential Complexes in Continuum Mechanics

Wed, 2014-09-24 11:50 - Arash_YavariWe study some differential complexes in continuum mechanics that involve both symmetric and non-symmetric second-order tensors. In particular, we show that the tensorial analogue of the standard grad-curl-div complex can simultaneously describe the kinematics and the kinetics of motions of a continuum. The relation between this complex and the de Rham complex allows one to readily derive the necessary and sufficient conditions for the compatibility of the displacement gradient and the existence of stress functions on non-contractible bodies.

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## Geometry, topology, and solid mechanics

Mon, 2014-08-04 07:26 - Arash_YavariDifferential geometry in simple words is a generalization of calculus on some curved spaces called manifolds. An n-manifold is a space that locally looks like R^n but globally can be very different. The first significant application of differential geometry happened to be in Einstein’s theory of general relativity.

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## Three interesting, recent books

Thu, 2014-06-26 16:20 - Arash_YavariDear friends:

I’d like to bring to your attention three recently published books that I have read. The following are a few words about each book in the order that I read them.

1) “Vito Volterra” by A. Guerraggio and G. Paoloni

http://www.amazon.com/Vito-Volterra-Angelo-Guerraggio/dp/3642272622/ref=...

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## The Geometry of Discombinations and its Applications to Semi-Inverse Problems in Anelasticity

Wed, 2014-06-11 10:46 - Arash_YavariThe geometric formulation of continuum mechanics provides a powerful approach to understand and solve problems in anelasticity where an elastic deformation is combined with a non-elastic component arising from defects, thermal stresses, growth effects, or other effects leading to residual stresses. The central idea is to assume that the material manifold, prescribing the reference configuration for a body, has an intrinsic, non-Euclidean, geometric structure. Residual stresses then naturally arise when this configuration is mapped into Euclidean space.

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## A recent paper on Logarithmic Strain by Prof. Patrizio Neff

Fri, 2014-05-23 20:10 - Arash_YavariDear friends:

Prof. Patrizio Neff has asked me to post the attached recent paper on Logarithmic Strain. It looks quite interesting (I haven’t read it yet).

Regards,

Arash

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## Non-Metricity and the Nonlinear Mechanics of Distributed Point Defects

Thu, 2014-05-01 12:09 - Arash_YavariWe discuss the relevance of non-metricity in a metric-affine manifold (a manifold equipped with a connection and a metric) and the nonlinear mechanics of distributed point defects. We describe a geometric framework in which one can calculate analytically the residual stress field of nonlinear elastic solids with distributed point defects. In particular, we use Cartan's machinery of moving frames and construct the material manifold of a finite ball with a spherically-symmetric distribution of point defects.

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## PhD Position in Geometric Mechanics at Georgia Tech

Sun, 2013-09-22 14:34 - Arash_YavariI am looking for a new Ph.D. student to work on discretization of nonlinear elasticity using geometric and topological ideas. Requirements for this position are a strong background in solid mechanics and some background in differential geometry and analysis. If interested please email me your CV.

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## Nonlinear elastic inclusions in isotropic solids

Fri, 2013-09-13 11:07 - Arash_YavariWe introduce a geometric framework to calculate the residual stress fields and deformations of nonlinear solids with inclusions and eigenstrains. Inclusions are regions in a body with different reference configurations from the body itself and can be described by distributed eigenstrains. Geometrically, the eigenstrains define a Riemannian 3-manifold in which the body is stress-free by construction. The problem of residual stress calculation is then reduced to finding a mapping from the Riemannian material manifold to the ambient Euclidean space.

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## A Geometric Structure-Preserving Discretization Scheme for Incompressible Linearized Elasticity

Wed, 2013-03-06 01:38 - Arash_YavariIn this paper, we present a geometric discretization scheme for incompressible linearized elasticity. We use ideas from discrete exterior calculus (DEC) to write the action for a discretized elastic body modeled by a simplicial complex. After characterizing the configuration manifold of volume-preserving discrete deformations, we use Hamilton's principle on this configuration manifold. The discrete Euler-Lagrange equations are obtained without using Lagrange multipliers.

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## Compatibility Equations of Nonlinear Elasticity for Non-Simply-Connected Bodies

Sun, 2013-02-03 11:15 - Arash_YavariCompatibility equations of elasticity are almost 150 years old. Interestingly they do not seem to have been rigorously studied for non-simply-connected bodies to this date. In this paper we derive necessary and sufficient compatibility equations of nonlinear elasticity for arbitrary non-simply-connected bodies when the ambient space is Euclidean. For a non-simply-connected body, a measure of strain may not be compatible even if the standard compatibility equations ("bulk" compatibility equations) are satisfied.

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## On superelastic bending of shape memory alloy beams

Wed, 2013-01-23 15:49 - Arash_YavariIn this paper, a closed-form solution is presented for bending analysis of shape memory alloy (SMA) beams.

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## 12thU.S. National Congress on Computational Mechanics (US-NCCM12)

Thu, 2013-01-10 15:31 - Arash_Yavari- Read more about 12thU.S. National Congress on Computational Mechanics (US-NCCM12)
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## Affine Development of Closed Curves in Weitzenbock Manifolds and the Burgers Vector of Dislocation Mechanics

Fri, 2012-09-14 13:47 - Arash_YavariIn the theory of dislocations, the Burgers vector is usually defined by referring to a crystal structure. Using the notion of affine development of curves on a differential manifold with a connection, we give a differential geometric definition of the Burgers vector directly in the continuum setting, without making use of an underlying crystal structure.

## Weyl Geometry and the Nonlinear Mechanics of Distributed Point Defects

Wed, 2012-07-25 09:00 - Arash_YavariIn this paper we obtain the residual stress field of a nonlinear elastic solid with a spherically-symmetric distribution of point defects. To our best knowledge, this is the first nonlinear solution for point defects since the linear solution of Love in the 1920s.

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