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Zhengjin WANG's blog

Extrusion, slide, and rupture of an elastomeric seal

Elastomeric seals are essential to two great technological advances in oilfields:  horizontal drilling and hydraulic fracturing.  This paper describes a method to study elastomeric seals by using the pressure-extrusion curve (i.e., the relation between the drop of pressure across a seal and the volume of extrusion of the elastomer).  Emphasis is placed on a common mode of failure found in oilfields:  leak caused by a crack across the length of a long seal.  We obtain an analytical solution of large elastic deformation, which is analogous to the Poiseuille flow of viscous liquids.

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