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The anisotropy of hexagonal close-packed and liquid interface free energy using molecular dynamics simulations based on modified embedded-atom method

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This work aims to comprehensively study the anisotropy of the hexagonal close-packed (HCP)-liquid interface free energy using molecular dynamics (MD) simulations based on the modified-embedded atom method (MEAM). As a case study, all the simulations are performed for Magnesium (Mg). The solid-liquid coexisting approach is used to accurately calculate the melting point and melting properties. Then, the capillary fluctuation method (CFM) is used to determine the HCP-liquid interface free energy and anisotropy parameters. In CFM, a continuous order parameter is employed to accurately locate the HCP-liquid interface location, and the HCP symmetry-adapted spherical harmonics are used to expand in terms of its anisotropy parameters (e20, e40, e60, and e66).  Eight slip and twinning planes (basal, two prismatic, two pyramidal, and three twinning planes) are considered as the HCP-liquid interface planes.  An average HCP-liquid interface free energy of 122.2 (mJ/m2), non-zero e20, e40, and e66  parameters, and approximately zero e60  parameter for Mg are predicted. Using these findings, the first preferred dendrite growth direction in solidification of Mg is predicted as [11-20], which is in agreement with experiments. Also, a second preferred dendrite growth direction for Mg is predicted as [33-62].

Acta Materialia 107 (2016) 337-344

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1359645416300428

 

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