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Soft network materials with isotropic negative Poisson's ratios over large strains

Yihui Zhang's picture

Soft Matter Cover

Auxetic materials with negative Poisson's ratios have important applications across a broad range of engineering areas, such as biomedical devices, aerospace engineering and automotive engineering. A variety of design strategies have been developed to achieve artificial auxetic materials with controllable responses in the Poisson's ratio. The development of designs that can offer isotropic negative Poisson's ratios over large strains can open up new opportunities in emerging biomedical applications, which, however, remains a challenge. Here, we introduce deterministic routes to soft architected materials that can be tailored precisely to yield the values of Poisson's ratio in the range from −1 to 1, in an isotropic manner, with a tunable strain range from 0% to ∼90%. Combined experimental and theoretical studies on broad classes of network topologies illustrate the wide-ranging utility of these concepts. Demonstrative examples in artificial skin with both the negative Poisson's ratio and the nonlinear stress–strain curve precisely matching those of the cat's skin and in unusual cylindrical structures with engineered Poisson effect and shape memory effect suggest potential applications of these network materials.

Read the article: Soft Matter 14, 693-703 (2018) (Inside Front Cover Feature Article)

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