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Superior structural, elastic and electronic properties of 2D titanium nitride MXenes over carbide MXenes: A comprehensive first principles study

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N. Zhang, Y. Hong, S. Yazdanparast, and M. Asle Zaeem. Superior structural, elastic and electronic properties of 2D titanium nitride MXenes over carbide MXenes: A comprehensive first principles study. 2D Materials 5 (2018) 045004

 

The structural, elastic and electronic properties of two-dimensional (2D) titanium carbide/nitride based pristine (Tin+1Cn/Tin+1Nn) and functionalized MXenes (Tin+1CnT2/Tin+1NnT2, T stands for the terminal groups: –F, –O and –OH, n = 1, 2, 3) are investigated by density functional theory calculations. Carbide-based MXenes possess larger lattice constants and monolayer thicknesses than nitride-based MXenes. The in-plane Young’s moduli of Tin+1Nn are larger than those of Tin+1Cn, whereas in both systems they decrease with the increase of the monolayer thickness. Cohesive energy calculations indicate that MXenes with a larger monolayer thickness have a better structural stability. Adsorption energy calculations imply that Tin+1Nn have stronger preference to adhere to the terminal groups, which suggests more active surfaces for nitride-based MXenes. More importantly, nearly free electron states are observed to exist outside the surfaces of –OH functionalized carbide/nitride based MXenes, especially in Tin+1Nn(OH)2, which provide almost perfect transmission channels without nuclear scattering for electron transport. The overall electrical conductivity of nitride-based MXenes is determined to be higher than that of carbide-based MXenes. The exceptional properties of titanium nitride-based MXenes, including strong surface adsorption, high elastic constant and Young’s modulus, and good metallic conductivity, make them promising materials for catalysis and energy storage applications.

Contact zaeem@mines.edu to recive a PDF copy of the published article.

 

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