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Mechanics and Mussel adhesion: How bulk porosity may help things stick better

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On the Role of the Plaque Porous Structure in Mussel Adhesion: Implications for Adhesion Control Using Bulk Patterning

Ahmed Ghareeb and Ahmed Elbanna -- Journal of Applied Mechanics (2018)

 

Abstract: Mussel adhesion is a problem of great interest to scientists and engineers. Recent microscopic imaging suggests that the mussel material is porous with patterned void distributions. In this paper, we study the effect of the pore distribution on the interfacial-to-the overall response of an elastic porous plate, inspired from mussel plaque, glued to a rigid substrate by a cohesive interface. We show using a semi-analytical approach that the existence of pores in the vicinity of the crack reduces the driving force for crack growth and increases the effective ductility and fracture toughness of the system. We also demonstrate how the failure mode may switch between edge crack propagation and inner crack nucleation depending on the geometric characteristics of the bulk in the vicinity of the interface. Numerically, we investigate using the finite element method two different void patterns; uniform and graded. Each case is analyzed under displacement-controlled loading. We show that by changing the void size, gradation, or volume fraction, we may control the peak pulling force, maximum elongation at failure, as well as the total energy dissipated at complete separation. We discuss the implications of our results on design of bulk heterogeneities for enhanced interfacial behavior.

Link: http://appliedmechanics.asmedigitalcollection.asme.org/article.aspx?arti...

Paper: http://publish.illinois.edu/mcslabuiuc/files/2018/09/Ghareeb_Elbanna_jam...

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