Invitation to join the Finite Element Analysis Google Group.
Many information about finite element analyses is added by users.
Recently, the Royal Society Science book prize shortlist was announced; though the shortlisted books cover psychology, evolution, biodiversity, medicine and neurobiology, none in the area of materials or mechanics made it to the list. Or, pick any Best American Science writing volume--there are hardly any articles about materials or mechanics that make it to these anthologies.
- Free energy and generalized coordinate. Equilibrium and stability
- Control parameter
- Configurational transitions of two types
- Critical point of configurational transition of the second type. Bifurcation analysis
The 19th Annual Melosh Competition for the Best Student Paper in Finite Element Analysis was held last Friday, April 27, at ETH Zurich. Two medalists were selected this year from the six finalists. The 2007 Melosh Medalists are Vikram Gavini, from Caltech, and Michael Hain, from Leibniz University, Hannover.
David Turnbull died peacefully at home last Saturday, April 28th, at age 92.
He was for many years Gordon McKay Professor of Applied Physics at Harvard University. His seminal work included theoretical and experimental studies of nucleation of crystals, the glass transition and the amorphous state, crystal growth, and atomic diffusion.
In 1992 the Materials Research Society (MRS) established the David Turnbull Lectureship to recognize each year the career of a scientist who has made outstanding contributions to understanding materials phenomena and properties through research, writing, and lecturing. His autobiography and a biography are available on the MRS website.
He retired in 1985 but was active and visited his office on the second floor of Pierce Hall right up until the last six months or so.
Welcome to the May 2007 issue. This issue focuses on experimental nanomechanics of nanobuilding blocks. The extremely small dimensions of nanobuilding blocks (for instance, nanoparticles, nanotubes, and nanowires) have imposed great challenges to many existing instruments, methodologies, and even theories. In this issue, we will discuss – (1) experimental techniques and (2) size-effects.
Huang et al., PRL 98, 185501 (2007)
Watch movies at: http://netserver.aip.org/cgi-bin/epaps?ID=E-PRLTAO-98-002719
We report exceptional ductile behavior in individual double-walled and triple-walled carbon nanotubes at temperatures above 2000 C, with tensile elongation of 190% and diameter reduction of 90%, during in situ tensile-loading experiments conducted inside a high-resolution transmission electron microscope. Concurrent atomic-scale microstructure observations reveal that the superelongation is attributed to a high temperature creep deformation mechanism mediated by atom or vacancy diffusion, dislocation climb, and kink motion at high temperatures. The superelongation in double-walled and triple-walled carbon nanotubes, the creep deformation mechanism, and dislocation climb in carbon nanotubes are reported here for the first time.
With a shallow chemical etching the roughness with spatial frequency below a critical value grows while the roughness of higher frequency decays.
Subject: NSF Proposal Writing Workshop ( August 22-23, 2007 - Alaska)
Sponsored by NSF, a Proposal Writing Workshop will be held on August 22-23, 2007, at University of Alaska-Fairbanks. The workshop mainly aims to provide future proposal submitters (in all disciplines funded by NSF) with knowledge and tools to write good proposals, proposal review experience, and it will enable interactions with NSF program directors and recent NSF awardees. The event is targeted at an EPSCoR state, Alaska. However, the workshop is open to participants from other states as space permits.
Yesterday I had the distinct pleasure of seeing a mechanics seminar delivered "tag-team" by Ken Johnson and Jim Greenwood. (I know several people have thought I was a bit mad for jumping "across the pond" but there are really some amazing benefits of being part of the Cambridge Engineering faculty!)
The blogosphere is abuzz with the latest report of the generalisation of the von Neumann-Mullins grain growth relation to 3 (and N) dimensions by MacPherson and Srolovitz (As an interesting aside, almost all the reports say mathematical structure of beer foam structure resolved, or words to that effect --hence, I also decided to join the bandwagon on that one). I heard Prof. Srolovitz describe the work in a seminar nearly six months ago. Based on my notes of the talk, I would like the explain their work in this post. Curvature in the following refers to mean curvature (and not Gaussian).
We have recently reported the piezoelectric thick film microcantilever, which enables the in-situ real-time detection of the protein related to disease (e.g. C reactive protein) in liquid environment. This work was published at APL (click here).
"In-situ real-time monitoring of biomolecular interactions based on resonating microcantilevers immersed in a viscous fluid"
JOM is a monthly publication of TMS--The minerals, metals, and materials society. It covers a wide range of materials topics. I expecially like the overview articles, which, in four or five pages pack lots of information. Further, the historical articles about metallurgy and materials in ancient civilizations will interest those of you who like to read about history in general, and science history, in particular.
In flip-chip package, the mismatch of thermal expansion coefficients between the silicon die and packaging substrate induces concentrated stress field around the edges and corners of silicon die during assembly, testing and services. The concentrated stresses result in delamination on many interfaces on several levels of structures, in various length scales from tens of nanometers to hundreds of micrometers. A major challenge to model flip-chip packages is the huge variation of length scales, the complexity of microstructures, and diverse materials properties. In this paper, we simplify the structure to be silicon/substrate with wedge configuration, and neglect the small local features of integrated circuits. This macroscopic analysis on package level is generic with whatever small local features, as long as the physical processes of interest occur in the region where the concentrated stress field due to chip-packaging interaction dominates. Because it is the same driving force that motivates all of the flaws. Therefore, the different interface cracks with same size and same orientation but on different interfaces should have similar energy release rates provided that the cracks are much smaller than the macroscopic length. We calculate the energy release rate and the mode angle of crack on the chip-package interface based on the asymptotic linear elastic stress field. In a large range of crack length, the asymptotic solution agrees with finite element calculation very well. We discuss the simplified model and results in context of real applications. In addition, we find that the relation of energy release rate G and crack length a is not power-law since local mode mixity is dependent of crack length a. Therefore, the curve of G~a can be wavy and hardly goes to zero even if crack length a goes to atomically small. The local mode mixity plays an important role in crack behavior.
I agree with Michelle, we need to get beyond the default Drupal water drop.
How about my little offering, that came to mind:
The International Conferences on Nonlinear Mechanics (ICNM-x) have been regarded as important series conferences in mechanics circles. The previous four meetings in the series were successfully held in Shanghai and Beijing in 1985, 1993, 1998 and 2002, respectively. In recent years, new achievements in this field have been made. Therefore, it is appropriate to organize a new conference on this vitally important area of applied mathematics and mechanics. The Fifth International Conference on Nonlinear Mechanics (ICNM-V) will be held in Shanghai. The Conference aims to provide an international forum for presenting the latest results and stimulating wider academic exchange for experts in the related fields all over the world.
In an inaugural article in the latest issue of PNAS, George C Schatz writes on Using theory and computation to model nanoscale properties. Here is the abstract of the article:
I had known Liviu since his early days in the Engineering Science and Mechanics Department at Virginia Tech when I was just beginning my own academic career. I had received my PhD from this department in 1981 in an area (composite materials) that at the time was at the cutting edge of high technology. In 1985 I had come back to VA Tech from the industry to continue working in this exciting area in which the ESM Department excelled world-wide. Liviu had arrived shortly thereafter with an already established reputation as a top-notch scientist. I was drawn to him because his background and life experiences during WWII and thereafter in his native Romania were similar to my parents' experiences in Poland.
Active polymers are being developed to mimic a salient feature of life: movement in response to stimuli. Large deformation can lead to intriguing phenomena; for example, recent experiments have shown that a voltage can deform a layer of a dielectric elastomer into two coexistent states, one being flat and the other wrinkled. This observation, as well as the needs to analyze large deformation under diverse stimuli, has led us to reexamine the theory of electromechanics. In his classic text, Maxwell showed that electric forces between conductors in a vacuum could be calculated using a field of stress in the vacuum. The Maxwell stress has since been invoked in deformable dielectrics. This practice has been on an insecure theoretical foundation.
In the recent issue of Science, researchers from UCLA (Chung et al) report on an ambient pressure synthesis (using arc melting) of a compound, namely, rhenium diboride, which is superhard. Apparently, the material leaves scratch marks on the surface of diamond. Here is the abstract of the paper:
Here is a video from the Seed magazine called Science in Silico. The video shows results from large scale simulations (and visualization) of fractals, microscopic dynamic processes in ribosomes, structure of viruses, bacterial flagellum, turbulence, explosions, and the modelling of cosmological events.