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As indicated in the review by Cardou & Jolicoeur (1997), and depending on the application, a helically stranded system may be modelled using a semi-continuous approach whereby each layer is replaced by a continuous helical orthotropic material. For those able to read Russian, this approach is presented in a paper by Danilin & Al. specifically oriented towards Overhead Electrical Conductor mechanics: “Modelling of Deformation of Wire Spiral Structures” published in the PNRPU Mechanics Bulletin (2015, No 4, pp.


A paper by Kubelwa et al. (Statistical Modelling of Bending Stress in ACSR Overhead Transmission Line Conductors subjected to Aeolian Vibrations –I) reports data from vibration tests on 4 ACSR.  under  3 axial loads (20, 25 and 30% UTS). An 84.5 m conductor span is vibrated at various bending amplitudes and strain is measured near a clamped end (distance not given). Clamps are rigid square-faced bushings. Vibration amplitude is measured at 89 mm from bushing. Strain gages are glued on 3 adjacent top layer wires.

Overhead Electrical Conductor in bending: Papailiou's model revisited

 In a paper to appear and available online,( An analytical approach to model the hysteretic bending behavior of spiral strands, Applied Mathematical Modeling 2016, )

Overhead Electrical Conductor fatigue testing: a new standard

The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) just released a new international standard titled: "Overhead lines - Method for fatigue testing of conductors". IEC 62568. Edition 1.0 2015-07. . It closely follows previous CIGRE and EPRI publications on this topic:

CIGRE SC B2 WG11 TF7 "Fatigue Endurance Capability of Conductor/Clamp Systems - Update of Present Knowledge" CIGRE TB 332, 2007, Paris.

A cable bending stick-slip analytical model

Single strand cable bending, stick-slip, analytical models require that a choice be made between two contact modes between adjacent wires: either radial (between layers) or lateral (between same layer wires). In most recent models (e.g. Papailiou’s) radial contact is selected. A “lateral contact” model has been presented by Panetti in 1944 and can be found in the proceedings of the Turin Royal Academy of Science. A translated version from Italian is proposed in the attached file.

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