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auxetic

Harold S. Park's picture

Negative Poisson's Ratio in Single-Layer Graphene Ribbons

The Poisson's ratio characterizes the resultant strain in the lateral direction for a material under longitudinal deformation.  Though negative Poisson's ratios (NPR) are theoretically possible within continuum elasticity, they are most frequently observed in engineered materials and structures, as they are not intrinsic to many materials.  In this work, we report NPR in single-layer graphene ribbons, which results from the compressive edge stress induced warping of the edges.

Sung Hoon Kang's picture

Design of planar isotropic negative Poisson’s ratio structures

Most of the auxetic materials that have been characterized experimentally or studied analytically are anisotropic and this limits their possible applications, as they need to be carefully oriented during operation. Here, through a combined numerical and experimental approach, we demonstrate that 2D auxetic materials with isotropic response can be easily realized by perforating a sheet with elongated cuts arranged to form a periodic pattern with either six-fold or three-fold symmetry.

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