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granular material

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Localization and instability in sheared granular materials: Role of friction and vibration

Shear banding and stick-slip instabilities have been long observed in sheared granular materials. Yet, their microscopic underpinnings, interdependencies and variability under different loading conditions have not been fully explored. Here, we use a non-equilibrium thermodynamics model, the Shear Transformation Zone theory, to investigate the dynamics of strain localization and its connection to stability of sliding in sheared, dry, granular materials. We consider frictional and frictionless grains as well as presence and absence of acoustic vibrations.

Plasticity model in Abaqus to capture the continues plastic strain of granular material under triaxial cyclic loading?

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I am working on modelling ballast aggregates under triaxial loading. Confining pressure applied in the intermediate and minor principal direction and cyclic compression load applied in the major principal axis direction. I wanted to capture the continues plastic strain (PS) with cycles (N). My test results show that the PS increase with N up to about 10,000 cycles and the rate of strain slowly diminish for later cycles and almost stay constant after N=100,000. What available model in Abaqus can be used to get this behaviour. I have to run my analysis at least for 10,000 cycles.

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