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Chiral structures

Giorgio Carta's picture

Gyro-elastic beams for the vibration reduction of long flexural systems

The paper presents a model of a chiral multi-structure incorporating gyro-elastic beams. Floquet–Bloch waves in periodic chiral systems are investigated in detail, with the emphasis on localization and the formation of standing waves. It is found that gyricity leads to low-frequency standing modes and generation of stop-bands. A design of an earthquake protection system is offered here, as an interesting application of vibration isolation. Theoretical results are accompanied by numerical simulations in the time-harmonic regime.

zichen's picture

Shape formation of helical ribbons induced by material anisotropy

Helices are ubiquitous building blocks in natural and engineered systems. Previous studies showed that helical ribbon morphology can result from anisotropic driving forces and geometric misorientation between the principal axes of the driving forces and the geometric axes. However, helical ribbon shapes induced by elastic modulus anisotropy have not been systematically examined even though most natural and engineered structures are made of composite materials with anisotropic mechanical properties.

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