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Dr. Hanaor - Department of Ceramic Materials - TU Berlin's picture

PhD Opportunity in Berlin: Cation-Substituted Silicates as Millimetre Wave Dielectrics for Automotive Applications

Institute for Materials Science and Technology, TU Berlin, Germany

 

An opportunity is available for a doctoral candidate to undertake a research programme on the topic of the synthesis and characterization of cation substituted silicate ceramics for use a novel dielectric materials.

 

Piezoelectricity above the Curie temperature? Combining flexoelectricity and functional grading to enable high-temperature elect

Most technologically relevant ferroelectrics typically lose piezoelectricity above the Curie temperature. This limits their use to relatively low temperatures. In this Letter, exploiting a combination of flexoelectricity and simple functional grading, we propose a strategy for high-temperature electromechanical coupling in a standard thin film configuration.

Bo Li's picture

How is the entropy of polarization in dielectric material

In the study of thermoelastic actuation of dielectric elastomer, we can write the Helmholtz free-energy as a function of stretch ratio, nominal electric displacement and temperature (T).

The entropy (S) is the negative partial differential coefficient of W with respect of temperature (T). And we can see the change of S is due to three components: deformation, heat conduction and polarization. In an isothermal state, the deformation part has been fully investigated by Arruda and Boyce in 1993, but the polarization-induced entropy (Sp) has not been clearly stated.

Xuanhe Zhao's picture

Stretching and polarizing a dielectric gel immersed in a solvent

      This paper studies a gel formed by a network of cross-linked polymers and a species of mobile molecules. The gel is taken to be a dielectric, in which both the polymers and the mobile molecules are nonionic. We formulate a theory of the gel in contact with a solvent made of the mobile molecules, and subject to electromechanical loads. A free-energy function is constructed for an ideal dielectric gel, including contributions from stretching the network, mixing the polymers and the small molecules, and polarizing the gel.

Xuanhe Zhao's picture

A method to analyze electromechanical stability of dielectric elastomer actuators

      This letter describes a method to analyze electromechanical stability of dielectric elastomer actuators.  We write the free energy of an actuator using stretches and nominal electric displacement as generalized coordinates, and pre-stresses and voltage as control parameters.  When the Hessian of the free-energy function ceases to be positive-definite, the actuator thins down drastically, often resulting in electrical breakdown.  Our calculation shows that stability of the actuator is markedly enhanced by pre-stresses.

Xuanhe Zhao's picture

Electromechanical hysteresis and coexistent states in dielectric elastomers

Active polymers are being developed to mimic a salient feature of life: movement in response to stimuli. Large deformation can lead to intriguing phenomena; for example, recent experiments have shown that a voltage can deform a layer of a dielectric elastomer into two coexistent states, one being flat and the other wrinkled. This observation, as well as the needs to analyze large deformation under diverse stimuli, has led us to reexamine the theory of electromechanics.

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