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Teng zhang's picture

Symplectic Analysis of Wrinkles in Elastic Layers with Graded Stiffnesses

Wrinkles in layered neo-Hookean structures were recently formulated as a Hamiltonian system by taking the thickness direction as a pseudo-time variable. This enabled an efficient and accurate numerical method to solve the eigenvalue problem for onset wrinkles. Here, we show that wrinkles in graded elastic layers can also be described as a time-varying Hamiltonian system. The connection between wrinkles and the Hamiltonian system is established through an energy method.

Bo Li's picture

Modeling of the muscle-like actuation in soft dielectrics: deformation mode and electromechanical stability

Soft dielectric elastomer is able to generate an
electromechanical response in terms of reversible shape
changing, which is a muscle-like behavior. The deformation
and electromechanical stability of dielectric elastomers,
classified by their deformation modes, uniaxial extension,
equal biaxial expansion and pure shear, are investigated.
Pull-in instability occurs in equal biaxial and uniaxial modes
at a small stretch ratio, while the pure shear mode features
wrinkling instability after a large stable deformation. The

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