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Hassan Aref's picture

150 Years of Vortex Dynamics

The IUTAM Symposium "150 Years of Vortex Dynamics" will be held October 12-17, 2008, at the Technical University of Denmark (DTU) in Lyngby, and in Copenhagen, Denmark. The rationale behind the title is that H. von Helmholtz published his seminal paper enunciating his three laws of vortex dynamics in 1858.

The Scientific Committee, consisting of Profs. Keith Moffatt (Cambridge), Paul Newton (Los Angeles), Slava Meleshko (Kiev), Morten Brøns (Copenhagen), GertJan van Heijst (Eindhoven), Shigeo Kida (Kyoto), and H. Aref (Copenhagen and Blacksburg) has been constituted.

Michael H. Suo's picture

Why We Use Firefox

By Michael H . Suo and Zhigang Suo

While browsers have improved greatly in recent years, we have noticed that many academics are still missing out on important functions. In this post, we will focus on Firefox, an open-source browser that has recently gained popularity. Note: this is not a Microsoft-bashing article. Internet Explorer 7 is a very functional modern browser, but for the reasons below, we like Firefox better.

Some thoughts on ``Where are fluid mechanicians?''

I think that the note by Zhigang Suo puts forth a pressing issue. Coming from remotely related areas in physics (quantum mechanics and electromagnetic theory), my own interests and work have recently evolved to topics in both solid mechanics (crystal surfaces) and aspects of fluid mechanics (advection-diffusion and a most recent start on biomembranes). Hence, practically, I cannot see any boundaries between these disciplines.

Xiao-Yan Gong's picture

Role of Mechanics in Medical Implant Industry

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I believe that questions Zhigang raised today worth discussing as a topic within this forum.  I will start and please comment.

The traditional roles of mechanics in the medical implant industry is to ensure safety through reliability assessment and to prove functionality through in-vitro testing.

Things are changing, in mid-90s, Charley Taylor and his colleagues pioneered "predictive medicine" and "simulation-based medical planning" in which they uses CFD to help making surgical decisions.  Professor Taylor's research in "predictive medicine" and "simulation-based medical planning" has been featured on several television and radio programs including Quantum, Beyond 2000, New Media News, and The Osgood Files and has appeared in Discover, Mechanical Engineering, Technology Review and The Scientist magazines. (statement directly from his web site).  Mechanics goes into the prediction of medicine performances.

Zhigang Suo's picture

Where are fluid mechanicians?

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iMechanica has just passed the milestone of 1000 registered users, and showed no sign of slowing down. Despite all the enthusiasms among a growing number of active users, you might have noticed that iMechanica is missing a powerful community: the community of fluid mechanicians.

ycs's picture

Faculty Position in the Area of ENERGY at National Taipei University of Technology, Taiwan

The Department of Energy and Refrigerating Air-Conditioning Engineering at National Taipei University of Technology (NTUT) invites applications for one tenure-track faculty position in the area of ENERGY. Ph.D. in engineering is required. The position starts on August 1, 2007. Duties include teaching and research. The due day for application is on March 1, 2007.

Pradeep Sharma's picture

Why is the reported elastic modulus of carbon nanotube so scattered? “Yakobsons Paradox” and Perspective from Huang et. al.

For many mechanicians and materials scientists one of the most confounding things (in the ever increasing literature on carbon nanotubes) is the reported theoretical value of the nanotube elastic modulus. Depending upon the specific paper at hand, the reported numerical values range from 1 -6 TPa!

Mechanics of Materials Research Impacts US Aluminum Industry, Energy, and Environment

Initially posted on Applied Mechanics News on 28 April 2007.

Hot rolling from ingot is the dominant fabrication method of producing plate, sheet, and foil aluminum products. It is a striking fact that the total rolling-plant recovery of aluminum process from ingot to final products is typically about 50%. This recovery loss causes enormous amount of energy waste both as remelt energy and energy to process material that is just recycled. Assuming the annual US domestic net shipments of sheet and plate products being 10,500 million lb, 10% improvement of the hot rolling recovery will result annual savings of $126 million per year for the US domestic aluminum industry. The annual domestic energy savings would be 2.54 trillion Btu. The environmental benefits include annual reduction of 2.32 million lb SOx , 1.01 million lb NOx, 303.2 million lb CO2, 0.67 million lb of particulate, and 11000 lb VOCsd .

The fundamental inability to reduce or eliminate these recovery losses is “lack of the integrated models that relate structural properties to manufacturing processes”. Currently, processing parameters are determined by trial and error and largely based on experience. This makes it difficult to optimize the process even on the macroscale level, and almost impossible from microstructure level. Research in the following areas are desirable:

The registered users of iMechanica pass 1000 today

The number of registered iMechanicians has just passed 1000 today. iMechanica went "officially" online on 9 September 2006. See other numbers of iMechanica recorded today, and our evolving history.

Henry Tan's picture

Mitigating the threat of terrorist attacks

The following are links to the FEMA (Federal Emergency Management Agency) documents:

Mitigating the threat of terrorist attacks against high occupancy buildings is a challenging task.

This chapter presents several methodologies for architects and engineers to quantify risk and to identify the most effective mitigation measures to achieve a desired level of protection against terrorist attacks at an acceptable cost.

chris's picture

Multi-Scale Digital Image Correlation and Tracking with MATLAB

C. Eberl, D. S. Gianola, R. J. Thompson (in alphabetic order)


With this contribution we would like to point to a free MATLAB tool which uses digital image correlation and tracking techniques to measure strain from a series of digital images. The code can be found on the ‘MATLAB central file exchange’ as well as the documentation, example images and some slides. We use the code on a daily basis for micro- and nanoscale measurements and present it here to be used and further developed by the community. Since it was posted at the end of september the code is now ranked place one or two in google and has been downloaded about 1000 times.

Post-doctoral position in Computational Stochastic Mechanics, Nantes, France

Post-doctoral position - Stochastic computational techniques to deal with uncertainties on the geometry in structural analysis

The post-doctoral student will join the pole "Structures and Couplings" of the Research Institute en Civil Engineering and Mechanics (GeM), Nantes, France (Nantes University, Ecole Centrale Nantes, CNRS UMR 6183)

We have recently been awarded a Research Project by the French National Research Agency. This project addresses theorical and numerical developments in the field of stochastic computational mechanics. The main goal of this project is to develop a robust computational technique to deal with uncertainties on the geometry in structural analysis. The proposed methodology lies on the extension of the Extended Finite Element Method (X-FEM) into the stochastic framework and the development of efficient computational techniques for solving stochastic systems.

Xiao-Yan Gong's picture

Nitinol, stent fracture and related issues

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Stent and Nitinol have revolutionized the medicine.  In past decades, guidewires, stents, filters and many minimumly invasive devices and implants are made of Nitinol and they proved to be very successful.

However, the fatigue behavior of Nitinol has not been well understood.  As a consequences, many stent fractures have been observed in-vivo.  Below is a list of misconcepts that may contribute to the widely observed in-vivo fractures on Nitinol stents:

Zhigang Suo's picture

A field of material particles vs. a field of markers

In continuum mechanics, it is a common practice to view a body as a field of material particles, so that the continuum mechanics is phrased as an algorithm to determine the function x(X, t), where X is the name of a particle, and x is the place of the particle at time t.

MichelleLOyen's picture

Second International Conference on Mechanics of Biomaterials and Tissues

Abstracts are due April 27, 2007 for the Second International Conference on Mechanics of Biomaterials and Tissues, to take place on the Hawai’ian island of Kaua’i. Full call for papers is at the conference website. The conference is hosted by Elsevier and the launch of a new Elsevier journal on biomechanics will coincide with the timing of the meeting. (The official journal website is here.)

Harold S. Park's picture

Deformation of FCC Nanowires by Twinning and Slip

We present atomistic simulations of the tensile and compressive loading of single crystal FCC nanowires with <100> and <110> orientations to study the propensity of the nanowires to deform via twinning or slip.  By studying the deformation characteristics of three FCC materials with disparate stacking fault energies (gold, copper and nickel), we find that the deformation mechanisms in

Notes on Nonlinear Fracture Mechanics

These are the notes I wrote at the Technical University of Denmark in 1979. Zhigang Suo and I will be using these in the course on fracture and thin film mechanics (ES 242r) this spring (2007). This is a joint course with the University of Nebraska.

Engineering Sciences 242r: Fracture Mechanics of Thin Films and Composite Materials

Time. Thursday and Tuesday. 1:30-3:00 pm (Harvard University), 12:30-2:2:00 pm (University of Nebraska). First meeting: 1 February 2007

Place. Harvard University: Fairchild 102 (map). University of Nebraska: 111 Walter Scott Engineering Center

Course website (this page): node/754

Zhigang Suo's picture

Flip test: imagine continuum mechanics as a revolutionary idea

Let's say the world has only e-books, then someone introduces this technology called 'paper.' It's cheap, portable, lasts essentially forever, and requires no batteries. You can't write over it once it's been written on, but you buy more very cheaply. Wouldn't that technology come to dominate the market?

Yanfei Gao's picture

Symposium on "Mechanics of Nanofabrication and Nanostructure Growth" at the 2007 IMECE (ASME Meeting)

(Please also refer to node/711 for the introduction of this ASME meeting and some important changes. )

Mechanics has been playing a critical role in understanding the fabrication and reliability of nanostructured material systems, such as the self-assembly of quantum dots during heteroepitaxial thin film growth. Sponsored by the Elasticity Committee of Applied Mechanics Division, this symposium will identify opportunities and challenges in mechanics of materials that are motivated from a variety of novel and emerging nanofabrication and nanostructure growth methods. Presentations in experimental, theoretical, and computational studies are solicited in the following areas (but not limited to):

Jinxiong Zhou's picture

A subdomain collocation method based on Voronoi domain partition and reproducing kernel approximation

A subdomain collocation method based on Voronoi diagrams and reproducing kernel approximation is presented. The unkonwn field variables are approximated via reproducing kernel approximation. The body integration arising from the numerical evaluation of Galerkin weak form is converted into much cheaper contour integration along the boundary of each Voronoi cell. The Voronoi cells also provide an natural structure to perform h-adaptivity.

Interfacial Thermal Stresses in a Bi-Material Assembly with a Low-Yield-Stress Bonding Layer

An approximate predictive model is developed for the evaluation of the interfacial thermal stresses in a soldered bi-material assembly with a low-yield-stress bonding material. This material is considered linearly elastic at the strain level below the yield point and ideally plastic at the higher strains. The results of the analysis can be used for the assessment of the thermally induced stresses

On the thermomechanical coupling of shape memory alloys and shape memory alloys composites

Smart materials have received much attention in recent years, especially due to their various applications in smart structures, medical devices, actuators, space and aeronautics. Among these
materials, shape memory alloys exhibit extremely large, inelastic, recoverable strains (of the order of 10%), resulting from transformation between austenitic and martensitic phases. This
transformation may be induced by a change, either in the applied stress, the temperature, or both.


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