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Influence of hydrogen functionalization on the fracture strength of graphene and the interfacial properties of graphene-polymer nanocomposite
We investigated the effects of hydrogen functionalization on the fracture strength of graphene and also on the interfacial properties of graphene-polymer nanocomposite using molecular dynamics and classical continuum concepts. Moreover, we developed an atomistic model to assess the temperature and strain rate dependent fracture strength of functionalized graphene along various chiral directions. Results indicate that hydrogen functionalization at elevated temperatures highly degrade the fracture strength of graphene. The functionalization also deteriorates the interfacial strength of graphene-polymer nanocomposite. Near-crack-tip stress distribution depicted by continuum mechanics can be successfully used to investigate the impact of hydrogen passivation of dangling carbon bonds on the strength of graphene. We further derived a continuum-based model to characterize the non-bonded interaction of graphene-polymer nanocomposite. These results indicate that classical continuum concepts are accurate even at a scale of several nanometers. Our work provides a remarkable insight into the fracture strength of graphene and graphene-polymer nanocomposites, which are critical in designing experimental and instrumental applications.