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Shear stress- and line length-dependent screw dislocation cross-slip in FCC Ni

Shuozhi Xu's picture

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actamat.2016.10.005

Abstract

Screw dislocation cross-slip is important in dynamic recovery of deformed metals. A mobile screw dislocation segment can cross slip to annihilate an immobile screw dislocation segment with opposite Burgers vector, leaving excess dislocations of one kind in a crystal. Previous studies have found that the cross-slip process depends on both the local stress state and dislocation line length, yet a quantitative study of the combined effects of these two factors has not been conducted. In this work, we employ both dynamic concurrent atomistic-continuum (CAC) and molecular dynamics simulations to explore the shear stress- and line length-dependent screw dislocation cross-slip in face-centered cubic Ni. It is demonstrated that the CAC approach can accurately describe the 3-D cross-slip process at a significantly reduced computational cost, as a complement to other numerical methods. In particular, we show that the Fleischer (FL) type cross-slip, in which a stair-rod dislocation is involved, can be simulated in the coarse-grained domain. Our simulations show that as the applied shear stress increases, the cross-slip mechanism changes from the Friedel-Escaig (FE) type to the FL type. In addition, the critical shear stress for both cross-slip mechanisms depends on the dislocation line length. Moreover, the cross-slip of a screw dislocation with a length of 6.47 nm analyzed using periodic boundary conditions occurs via only the FL mechanism, whereas a longer dislocation with length of 12.94 nm can cross-slip via either the FE or FL process in Ni subject to different shear stresses.

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