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Abaqus element surface.

Dear all,

I'm using abaqus to build a spherical model, which applies C3D8 linear brick element.  I output the connectivities of one element on the surface and the corresponding coordinates. 

For a linear brick element, the four nodes A,B,C and D on the same surface should lie on the same plane.  However, I got two different normals which are from A,B,C as well as A,B,D.

Is it reasonable or do I misunderstand something?



rajan_prithivi's picture

How does abaqus calculate deformation gradient in presence of thermal expansion

When we only have mechanical loading, I understand that abaqus calculates the total deformation gradient using F = I + partial_U/partial_X and U = N_i*U_i where U_i is the displacement at the nodes  and N is the shape function .

If I use a thermal expansion in addition to mechanical loading , Does abaqus give the total deformation gradient incorporating both mechanical loading and  thermal expansion ?
F = I + partial_Utot/partial_X ; Utot = U_mechanical + U_thermal

Frank Richter's picture

reflection and transmission coefficients in long elastic bars


Dear iMechanica Community,

I'd like to ask for advice on modelling reflection and transmission coefficients when two bars with different cross-sectional areas contact each other and are exposed to pulse loading.

I have modelled this process in Abaqus/Explicit as a two-dimensional simulation. The investigation was conveniently done as a parametric study, defining the lateral dimension as parameter. Both bars are slim (length 2 m, diameter 2 cm) and elastic.

surendran47's picture

CFD simulation

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How to simulate air flow over 3d curved solids using Abaqus? I saw a conventional aerofoil model in youtube. Anything more general?

How to plot path length over time in Abaqus?

Dear Abaqus users,

I intend to plot the true distance of a path over all the steps of my simulation. 

One way is to create xy-data of an arbitrary output field over the true distance of the path, for each step.  Do you have any suggestion how I can get (true distance vs time) straightforwardly and faster?  

Thank you for your time and consideration 


Best regards,



Identifying fracture energy in ductile damage in ABAQUS

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I am trying to find out how to identify specified parameters of ductile damage material in its stress-strain curve in Abaqus. I created a one-element model with a dimension of 1x0.2x1 (0.2 in y-direction) and simulated a tensile test in y-direction with a displacement condition of 0.02mm.


Dear All, 

We are working on Equal Channel Angular Pressing (ECAP) project and we are trying to implement CPFEM with Abaqus UMAT, there are few examples online but we could not able to run them on abaqus 6.13 with any subroutine. Does anyone have any working subroutines on related subject?

Kind Regards


Yunus Emre Kulhan

ABAQUS: Access stress of integration point of elements during calculation

Hi all,

I'm using ABAQUS and UMAT for structural simulation. I used quadratic element (CPS4) with 4 integration points (IP).

During the calculation (which calling my UMAT), at each time step, for each element, I need to calculate the average stress of these IPs and produce a state variable for these IPs from this average stress. Then, I would need to update this state variable back to these IPs in that element. But as far as I know, the ABAQUS call UMAT for every IP and calculate everything within this current IP.

Emilio Martínez Pañeda's picture

Abaqus2Matlab: A suitable tool for finite element post-processing

A new piece of software has been presented that connects the well-known FE code Abaqus with Matlab. The source code, detailed documentation and a large number of tutorials can be freely downloaded from 

Some interesting applications are addressed in the associated journal article: (a pre-print is available at

Comparing performance of user subroutines in Abaqus

Dear Mechanics community,

My current research work is focused on simulation of NiTi stents.

I need to benchmark my UMAT subroutine against inbuilt VUMAT subroutine for SMA in Abaqus.

It would be great to have suggestions on how can I go ahead on this task (like typical benchmark analysis, simulation of CAD models etc.,).

The basic idea is to analyse the limits of both the subroutines.

Warm Regards,

CompMech enthusiast...

Calculating material jacobian matrix for ABAQUS UMAT subroutine

Hello everyone, 


I found that there is no comprehensive topic about how to calculate material jacobian matrix for UMAT while it's one of the most complicated and important parts of writing a subroutine and a lot of the researchers deal with it. 

I think it would be great if experts share their sources and experiences here for all. I personally, try to provide the basics and essential materials as well. 

Here is an essential available PDF on Imechanica:

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rajan_prithivi's picture

creating a perfect spherical hole in an orphan mesh (Abaqus)

Hello All,

I have an 3D orphan mesh (Abaqus)  that I obtained from the Gmsh software. I would like to insert a perfect spherical hole in that mesh.


I selected all the elements inside a sphere and deleted them but i am getting a very coarse surface, look at the figure attached

Is there a way to create a perfect spherical hole in a 3D Abaqus mesh ( I do not have the part geometry)  ?


I thought something like,  smooth the inside of the surface of the mesh deletion, but I donot know how to do that.


Properties of cohesive surface on cohesive elements

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Hello everyone,

I have a simple ABAQUS model with cohesive surface and I want to create a comparable model with cohesive elements instead of the surface. Applying the same properties onto the cohesive elements does not give me the desired results. Then I read somewhere that the properties cannot be applied on the elements directly the same way.

So how do I apply my interface properties onto the material of the cohesive elements? I thought that I should consider the thickness of the elements, but still until now I have not succeeded yet...

Thank you in advance.

Which theory Abaqus' Contour Integral for the determination of SIFs is based on?

I am actually using Abaqus' Contour Integral for the determination of stress intensity factors. But I do not know, which theory it is based on. Is it the same like the path-independent determination of J integral? Or is there a difference?

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We, Schlumberger India Technology Center Pvt. Ltd (Located at Pune, India), looking for fresh graduates for our Modeling and Simulation Group. The candidate should be completed or on the completion of his/her Ph. D. in the area of Applied Mechanics (Structural/Fluid) with a strong academic background. As a mechanical modelling and simulation engineer, he/she will execute and lead analytical simulation effort, with the FEA/CFD modelling techniques, for complex mechanical parts/assemblies and complex physics. The details of the job description will be communicated later. If you are interested kindly send your resume on

Prabuddha Sathurusinghe's picture

Different results when *DEFORMATION PLASTICITY vs *PLASTIC used for modelling plasticity of ductile meals in ABAQUS?

I got different results for a tensile test simulation when I used *DEFORMATION PLASTICITY (DP), instead of *PLASTIC (P) to model the same material. Ramberg-Osgood (R-O) parameters were directly provided for DP model while true stress/plastic strain values were calculated using the same R-O parameters for P model. Could somebody provide some insight into why that happened? This is not a fracture problem.

Alternative to Cohesive Elements / Surface

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I want to analyze the interface between the fiber and the matrix in a fiber reinforced composite and I am now looking for the right material model.

In Abaqus there are the options of using cohesive elements or cohesive surface. As an alternative I want to model the interface as a third layer with solid elements.

My idea is to use the existing model Concrete Damaged Plasticity. Does this make sense?

Thank you in advance.

sbagherzadeh's picture

Seeking a PostDoc position in field of mechanics of advanced materials

Dear All,

I got my PhD degree of Mechanical Engineering on Sep 2016 and I am seeking PostDoc position at well-known Universitiy or research Institute. Also, I completed my short-term visiting scholar at Purdue University on March 2016.

kshitij_gaikar's picture

Unconnected regions in abaqus

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I am new to abaqus and currently working in Abaqus 2016

I am getting the error 5 unconnected regions in abaqus. I have checked thoroughly all the interefaces and boundary conditions but I am not able to sort out this problem. Also I am getting Displacment increment is too big for contact. The job is getting aborted eventually.

I have attached images of the model.

Borad M Barkachary's picture

Is there any way to assign element based surface for 2D shell element??

I am trying to simulate 2D metal cutting simulation using surface to surface contact in dynamic explicit model. But what I am seeing is.. there is no contact between workpiece surface with failed element (i.e. Chips) which reduces the force value during simulation.

In 3D simulation for 3D stress element (C3D8R), I can do element based surface by editing the input file. Is there any such way in 2D shell element (say CPE4R) also? Please help

Twebb83's picture

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Marwan Shehata's picture

Asking for help in BAJA SAE Car

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Hello,I've joined a racing contest for Off-Road cars , called Baja SAE ( Society of Automotive Engineers)

The car contains tubes that are welded together or attached together by flanges

I am familiar with Abaqus and ANSYS btw

What are the main aspects that we should consider in modeling and simulating a baja sae car ?
BAJA SAE Car to be made

Can you help me with this?

Plasticity model in Abaqus to capture the continues plastic strain of granular material under triaxial cyclic loading?

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I am working on modelling ballast aggregates under triaxial loading. Confining pressure applied in the intermediate and minor principal direction and cyclic compression load applied in the major principal axis direction. I wanted to capture the continues plastic strain (PS) with cycles (N). My test results show that the PS increase with N up to about 10,000 cycles and the rate of strain slowly diminish for later cycles and almost stay constant after N=100,000. What available model in Abaqus can be used to get this behaviour. I have to run my analysis at least for 10,000 cycles.


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