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Modeling Respiratory Motion for Cancer Radiation Therapy Based on Patient-specific 4DCT Data

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Prediction of respiratory motion has the potential to substantially improve cancer radiation therapy. A nonlinear finite element (FE) model of respiratory motion during full breathing cycle has been developed based on patient specific pressure-volume relationship and 4D Computed Tomography (CT) data. For geometric modeling of lungs and ribcage we have constructed
intermediate CAD surface which avoids multiple geometric smoothing procedures. For physiologically relevant respiratory motion modeling we have used pressure-volume (PV) relationship to apply pressure loading on the surface of the model. A hyperelastic soft tissue model, developed from experimental observations, has been used. Additionally, pleural sliding has been considered which results in accurate deformations in the superior-inferior (SI) direction. The finite element model has been validated using 51 landmarks from the CT data. The average differences in position is seen to be 0.07 cm (SD = 0.20 cm), 0.07 cm (0.15 cm), and 0.22 cm (0.18 cm) in the left-right, anterior-posterior, and superior-inferior directions, respectively.

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