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An elastic phase field model for thermal oxidation of metals: Application to zirconia

mohsenzaeem's picture

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0927025614002031

Abstacrt: A multi-phase field model was developed for non-selective oxidation of metals which captures both the oxidation kinetics and stress generation. Phase field formulation involved a non-conserved phase field variable as the marker for the metallic substrate, oxide scale, and a fluid phase containing oxygen, and a conserved phase field variable representing the concentration of oxygen.

The evolution equations of the phase field variables were coupled to the mechanical equilibrium equations to investigate the evolution of stress generation in both the oxide scale and the underlying metal. The governing equations were solved in a finite element framework. This phase field model predicts the oxygen composition depth and stress profiles in the oxide layer and at the metal–oxide interface. The model was proven successful in predicting the observed evolution of oxide thickness and growth stresses for Zircaloy-4 oxidized at 900 °C. The results of phase field simulations showed that the generation of stresses upon oxidation tends to slow down the oxidation kinetics, and this substantially improved the model predictability of experimental data.

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