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Comparative modeling of the disregistry and Peierls stress for dissociated edge and screw dislocations in Al

Shuozhi Xu's picture


Many elementary deformation processes in metals involve the motion of dislocations. The planes of glide and specific processes dislocations prefer depend heavily on their atomic core structures. Atomistic simulations are desirable for dislocation modeling but their application to even sub-micron scale problems is in general computationally costly. Accordingly, continuum-based approaches, such as the phase-field microelasticity, phase-field dislocation dynamics (PFDD), generalized Peierls-Nabarro (GPN) models, and the concurrent atomistic–continuum (CAC) method, have attracted increasing attention in the field of dislocation modeling because they well represent both short-range cores interactions and long-range stress fields of dislocations. To better understand their similarities and differences, it is useful to compare these methods in the context of benchmark simulations and predictions. In this paper, we apply the CAC method and different PFDD variants – one of them is equivalent to a GPN model – to simulate an extended (i.e., dissociated) dislocation in Al with initially pure edge or pure screw character in terms of the disregistry. CAC and discrete forms of PFDD are also employed to calculate the Peierls stress. By conducting comprehensive convergence studies, we quantify the dependence of these measures on time/grid resolution and simulation cell size. Several important but often overlooked differences between PFDD/GPN variants are clarified. Our work sheds light on the advantages and limitations of each method, as well as the path towards enabling them to effectively model complex dislocation processes at larger length scales.

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