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Accretion-Ablation Mechanics

arash_yavari's picture

In this paper we formulate a geometric nonlinear theory of the mechanics of accreting-ablating bodies. This is a generalization of the theory of accretion mechanics of Sozio and Yavari (2019). More specifically, we are interested in large deformation analysis of bodies that undergo a continuous and simultaneous accretion and ablation on their boundaries while under external loads. In this formulation the natural configuration of an accreting-ablating body is a time-dependent Riemannian 3-manifold with a metric that is an unknown a priori and is determined after solving the accretion-ablation initial-boundary-value problem. In addition to the time of attachment map, we introduce a time of detachment map that along with the time of attachment map, and the accretion and ablation velocities describes the time-dependent reference configuration of the body. The kinematics, material manifold, material metric, constitutive equations, and the balance laws are discussed in detail. As a concrete example and application of the geometric theory, we analyze a thick hollow circular cylinder made of an arbitrary incompressible isotropic material that is under a finite time-dependent extension while undergoing  continuous ablation on its inner cylinder boundary and accretion on its outer cylinder boundary. The state of deformation and stress during the accretion-ablation process, and the residual stretch and stress after the completion of the accretion-ablation process are computed.

PDF icon AccretingAblationPrYa2023.pdf1.25 MB
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