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Failure Mechanics of a Wrinkling Thin Film Anode on a Substrate under Cyclic Charging and Discharging

Zheng Jia's picture

Zheng Jia, Teng Li, Failure Mechanics of a Wrinkling Thin Film Anode on a Substrate under Cyclic Charging and Discharging, Extreme Mechanics Letters, accepted, 2016 (DOI:doi:10.1016/j.eml.2016.03.006)

 

Recent experiments show that a thin film anode on a compliant substrate can significantly mitigate mechanical degradation and capacity fading of lithium-ion and sodium-ion batteries in service. The enhanced cycle performance of such a substrate-supported thin film anode is attributed to the wrinkling-induced stress relaxation. While the experimental evidence is suggestive, there lacks a systematic mechanistic study of the wrinkling of the substrate-supported thin film anode and its influence on anode cycle performance. We report a comprehensive study of the charging/discharging induced wrinkling formation and subsequent morphologic evolution of a substrate-supported thin film anode, using theoretical analysis and finite element simulations. We reveal that necking bands may form near wrinkling troughs or peaks and further develop to cause fragmentation of the anode over charging/discharging cycles, a failure mode not reported in existing literature. The density and distribution of the wrinkling-associated necking bands in the substrate-supported thin film anode supported can be regulated by the substrate stiffness. 

 

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