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A Conformal, Bio-Interfaced Class of Silicon Electronics for Mapping Cardiac Electrophysiology

Jianliang Xiao's picture

In this paper recently feature on the cover of Science Translational Medicine, we report the development of a class of mechanically flexible silicon electronics for multiplexed measurement of signals in an intimate, conformal integrated mode on the dynamic, three-dimensional surfaces of soft tissues in the human body. Mechanics model shows that the strain in the fragile materials, e.g. silicon, is several orders of magnitude smaller than the fracture strain, when wrapped onto the curvilinear cardiac surface. It is also shown that the biologically wet surface of the heart can provide sufficient interface adhesion for the conformal contact of the electronic device onto the curvilinear surface during heart beating.

In all current implantable medical devices such as pacemakers, deep brain stimulators, and epilepsy treatment devices, each electrode is independently connected to separate control systems. The ability of these devices to sample and stimulate tissues is hindered by this configuration and by the rigid, planar nature of the electronics and the electrode-tissue interfaces. In this paper, we demonstrate the sensor systems composed of 2016 silicon nanomembrane transistors configured to record electrical activity directly from the curved, wet surface of a beating porcine heart in vivo. The devices sample with simultaneous submillimeter and submillisecond resolution through 288 amplified and multiplexed channels. We use this system to map the spread of spontaneous and paced ventricular depolarization in real time, at high resolution, on the epicardial surface in a porcine animal model. This demonstration is one example of many possible uses of this
technology in minimally invasive medical devices.

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Bin Liu's picture

Jianliang,

 Nice work.

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