User login


You are here

Cold welding of ultrathin gold nanowires

Nature Nanotechnology, Feb. 14, 2010. DOI: 10.1038/NNANO.2010.4, Yang Lu, Jian Yu Huang, Chao Wang, Shouheng Sun and Jun Lou

The welding of metals at the nanoscale is likely to have an important role in the bottom-up fabrication of electrical and mechanical nanodevices. Existing welding techniques use local heating, requiring precise control of the heating mechanism and introducing the possibility of damage. The welding of metals without heating (or cold welding) has been demonstrated, but only at macroscopic length scales and under large applied pressures. Here, we demonstrate that singlecrystalline gold nanowires with diameters between 3 and 10 nm can be cold-welded together within seconds by mechanical contact alone, and under relatively low applied pressures. High-resolution transmission electron microscopy and in situ measurements reveal that the welds are nearly perfect, with the same crystal orientation, strength and electrical conductivity as the rest of the nanowire. The high quality of the welds is attributed to the nanoscale sample dimensions, oriented-attachment mechanisms and mechanically assisted fast surface-atom diffusion. Welds are also demonstrated between gold and silver, and silver and silver, indicating that the technique may be generally applicable.

Subscribe to Comments for "Cold welding of ultrathin gold nanowires"

Recent comments

More comments


Subscribe to Syndicate