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A biohybrid valveless pump-bot powered by engineered skeletal muscle

Pumps are critical life-sustaining components for all animals. At the earliest stages of life, the tubular embryonic heart works as a valveless pump capable of generating unidirectional blood flow. Inspired by this elementary pump, we developed the first example of a biohybrid valveless pump-bot powered by engineered skeletal muscle. Our pump-bot consists of a soft hydrogel tube connected at both ends to a stiffer polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) scaffold, creating an impedance mismatch.

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Harnessing Surface Wrinkling-Cracking Patterns for Tunable Optical Transmittance

Optical devices and systems with tunable optical transmittance have recently attracted great interest due to their wide range of applications. However, the reported methods of realizing tunable optical transmittance still suffer from complex fabrication processes, high cost, unstable materials or low tuning range. In this study, we report a simple, cheap, and highly effective approach to achieve large tuning range of optical transmittance through harnessing surface wrinkling-cracking patterns on PDMS films.

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Theoretical studies on lattice-oriented growth of single-walled carbon nanotubes on sapphire

In this work, a theoretical study is performed to quantitatively understand the van der Waals interactions between single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) and sapphire substrates. The energetically preferred alignment directions of SWNTs on A-, R- and M-planes and the random alignment on the C-plane predicted by this study are all in good agreement with experiments. It is also shown that smaller SWNTs have better alignment than larger SWNTs due to their stronger interaction with sapphire substrate.

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