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finite temperature

Ajeet Kumar's picture

A variant of Irving-Kirkwood-Noll formulation for one-dimensional nanostructures

We present a one-dimensional variant of the Irving-Kirkwood-Noll procedure to derive microscopic expressions of internal contact force and moment in one-dimensional nanostructures. We show that these expressions must contain both the potential and kinetic parts: just the potential part does not yield meaningful continuum results. We further specialize these expressions for helically repeating one-dimensional nanostructures for their extension, torsion and bending deformation. As the Irving-Kirkwood-Noll procedure does not yield expressions of stiffnesses, we resort to a thermodynamic equilibrium approach to first obtain the Helmholtz free energy of the supercell of helically repeating nanostructures. We then obtain expressions of axial force, twisting moment, bending moment and the associated stiffnesses by taking the first and second derivatives of the Helmholtz free energy with respect to conjugate strain measures. The derived expressions are used in finite temperature molecular dynamics simulation to study extension, torsion and bending of single-walled carbon nanotubes and their buckling.
The article will soon appear in the Mathematics and Mechanics of Solids. The same can be accessed at the following link:

Shuozhi Xu's picture

Nanoindentation and nanoscratching at finite temperatures: Three reviews

Dear Colleague,

Dr. Saeed Zare Chavoshi and I have co-authored three review articles, concerning nanoindentation and nanoscratching at finite temperatures from the computational and experimental perspectives:

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