# Implicit

## Question about implicit creep subroutine in Abaqus

The implicit implementation of creep in abaqus requires dh/d(\delta \epsilon_c ) as Jacobian in Newton-Raphson's iteration. The derivative can be expanded as shown in the figure attached. The term dh/dq, the one underlined by a green stroke, is expected to be provided by users through specifying DECRA, whereas the term dq/d(\delta \epsilon), underlined by a red one, is confusing me. It seems that that term is computed by Abaqus but I have no idea how it is done. The same question applies to the last derivative on the right hand side.

## Implicit Vs Explicit

Dear Sir,

1.  In FEM, I have not understood the exact difference between Implicit and Explicit techniques, though I have used both type of solvers.... Can u pls help me out in this?